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Oregon’s governor and key legislative leaders want to enact prepaid ballot postage, but some lawmakers and advocates are wary of the cost in tight budgetary times. Oregon Public Broadcasting has more:
Gov. Kate Brown and one of the Legislature’s top budget writers on Monday signaled support for using state money to pay for ballot postage in Oregon — a move officials believe would increase voter turnout in a state that leads much of the nation in voter participation.
But in a budget year when cuts are likely, the uncertain price tag behind that effort could prove tricky.
Brown and state Rep. Dan Rayfield, D-Corvallis, were among those to testify at a hearing on Senate Bill 861, which would require the state to pre-pay ballot postage, rather than requiring voters to either buy a stamp or drop off their ballot at a designated drop box.
The concept, discussed for years, was a top priority in the proposed budget Brown released in November, and has seen bipartisan support.
“While our vote by mail system is one of the most innovative that states have implemented across the country, I would say that our vote by mail system has been hobbled by something less modern and that’s the postage stamp,” Brown testified. “It’s time, frankly, to make everyone’s mailbox a drop box at no cost to the voter.”
Rayfield, one of three co-chairs on the powerful Joint Ways and Means Committee responsible for crafting a budget, also signaled support.
“As elected officials, we have a duty to reduce all barriers, no matter how large or small they are, to voting, and that’s what this bill does,” he testified.
The issue, as it often is, is money; specifically, its scarcity in an era when the state is considering spending cuts or different priorities:
The discussion comes as officials in Washington State are also mulling paid ballot postage statewide. But in Oregon, it also runs up against potential belt tightening.
A high-level budget framework released last week by Rayfield and his Ways and Means co-chairs includes near across-the-board cuts to services, despite anticipated record revenues. In that context — and with Legislators prioritizing finding money for education and health care — not everyone is sold on making paid ballot postage a top priority.
“The question is: Will we have money for it at the end of the day?” House Speaker Tina Kotek said Monday. “I don’t know.”
Kotek said competing priorities for any money include housing — one of her top issues this session — and “a whole bunch of other things that people want to do.”
One tactic that supporters are using is to point out that “prepaid for all” doesn’t mean all will use prepaid – given that even in Oregon not every votes, and many voters drop off ballots in person:
In her budget proposal, Brown recommended $2.7 million for paid ballot postage. The actual cost is likely less, Oregon Elections Director Steve Trout testified Monday.
Trout said the Oregon Secretary of State’s Office had gone back and analyzed ballot returns from past election years.
“We estimate costs of $2.9 million if every single voter returns their ballot through the mail,” Trout said. “We know that’s not going to be the case, but that’s the high end of the bar.”
Currently in Oregon, around 40 percent of returned ballots go through the mail, Trout said. He told lawmakers on the Senate Rules Committee that achieving a 50 percent mail-in rate would cost $1.52 million a biennium.
Asked whether he’d prioritize that money as part of the budget writing process, Rayfield told OPB it was too early to make such commitments. He said he would seek to put cost savings identified in the Secretary of State’s Office budget toward paid postage.
The proposal does seem to have key legislative and organizational support, though even some voter-friendly advocates still have their concerns about the cost:
“While this policy requires a financial investment, the payoff it will have on the fabric of our communities and the turnout in our elections is priceless,” Bus Project Executive Director Samantha Gladu testified.
The League of Women Voters of Oregon did raise concerns, however, saying it believes a potential $2.7 million price tag for ballot postage might be too steep. That stance could change in light of the lower estimates mentioned in the hearing, league representative Rebecca Gladstone said.
Another key question is when the bill would go into effect – including some calls to have prepaid postage in place for next year’s presidential election – with the governor invoking the memory of the late Secretary of State who died recently:
The law, if passed, could have near immediate impact. While the bill as introduced would have applied to elections beginning in 2021, an amendment submitted by state Sen. Michael Dembrow would ensure that paid postage is in effect during next year’s presidential election. The amendment has support from Brown, but has not been voted on in committee yet.
As part of her testimony Monday, Brown invoked the memory of former Secretary of State Dennis Richardson, who died on Feb. 26 from cancer. Richardson partnered with Brown and the Bus Project to introduce the bill.
“I also want to take a moment to recognize the legacy and leadership of my colleague,” said Brown, who laid out a litany of steps Richardson took while in office to improve voter access. “He was a champion of this important and critical legislation.”
It’s encouraging to see how this issue is not just being framed as focused on turnout; indeed, I’d go even further and say it’s healthy and smart for the state to be discussing the costs and benefits of policies like prepaid postage. I’ll be interested to see if the bill passes and for what elections – and eventually whether the state’s predictions about the cost are accurate. Stay tuned …