Paul Overbee, Articles Editor
In Volume Six, Issue Two of the Minnesota Journal of Law, Science and Technology, Susan B. Foote and Robert Berlin penned a piece titled “Can Regulation be as Innovative as Science and Technology? The FDA’s Regulation of Combination Products.” Published in 2005, this piece set out to explore whether an agency as slow as the FDA could keep pace with ongoing technological innovations and respond in an appropriate and timely manner. Ultimately the authors concluded that the FDA is an agency that progresses in an iterative and incremental manner, and that both politics and administrative law were likely to prevent the FDA from being a force for innovation. The authors tried to justify the potential block to innovation by arguing that innovators and manufacturers benefit from the predictability and certainty and that a slow regulatory is the essential cost of these benefits. As such, the authors offered that regulation would come after innovations occurred rather than predicting upcoming innovation and issuing preliminary regulation.
Since the time of the author’s predictions, they have been proven correct in many ways. For instance, nanotechnology is an emerging technology with many predicting how it will be implemented in the future, and it has already has appeared in products such as sunscreens and spray paints. Despite its current presence in society, the FDA has failed to issue a formal definition of what nanotechnology is and what it is not. As such the predictability and certainty that is desired by innovators is lacking. One of the most recent developments that continue to show that the FDA is ill-equipped to deal with fast paced innovation is their recent draft guidance on combination products. A full 10 years after Foote and Berlin criticized the FDA’s ability to act swiftly, the FDA has finally issued a draft guidance to clarify and explain the current good manufacturing practices for combination products. This guidance has been made available by the FDA
The FDA defines a combination product as any combination of a drug, device, or biological products, taken individually as constituent parts of the combination product. Additionally, a combination may be two or more separate products that have been packaged together in a single package such as pre-filled syringes. The new FDA guidance gives multiple options for combination products to meet current good manufacturing practices. First, the producer may demonstrate compliance under the current drug manufacturing practices or by meeting qualify system regulations; this option is available where the combination is both a drug and device. The other option is that the manufacturer may demonstrate compliance will all good manufacturing practices that are applicable to each constituent part that makes up the whole combination product.
Both Berlin and Foote justified the slow moving nature of the FDA by stating that it may provide the type of predictability and certainty that is desired by innovators. Since that date, actions by the FDA have put that predictability and certainty in question. Instead of having a clear practice in place, the FDA may leave manufacturers guessing for years before the agency comments on their appropriateness. Berlin and Foote both agreed that perhaps the FDA wasn’t properly tooled to deal with ongoing innovation, but ongoing developments continue to drive that point home.